The online resource Gallica is adding stuff all the time — it’s hard to keep up. This post is about their coverage of some of the main medieval monophonic song books.[NB: now updated to include sources outside Gallica!]
I’m teaching medieval monophonic song to undergraduates at the moment and I always ask them to critique modern editions in the light of the complex source situation, especially for the troubadour and trouvère repertoire. They report finding Gallica quite hard to navigate, so I’ve designed this blogpost for them so that they can at least be directed to some of the troubadour and trouvère sources.
I found information and updates on Gallica’s holdings from various posts on Dominique Gatté’s social network site for medieval musicology. It’s really worth joining — despite its URL, it’s not just for chant! They send a lot of emails, but you can opt to have them aggregated into a daily digest (recommended).
The links below are to a few of the troubadour and trouvère chansonniers with melodies (and without) that are on Gallica (as well as some from other libraries; manuscripts of vernacular song repertoires from other linguistic traditions, can be found via a recent blogpage on Gatté’s site; for German repertoire, see my post here).
NB: The sigla are particular to troubadour OR trouvère sources; so troubadour C is not the same as trouvère C; and some single physical sources do double duty, so trouvère M is troubadour W!
Trouvère F (GB-Lbl Egerton 274; also =motet manuscript LoB).
Trouvère H (I-MOe R 4, 4). It used to be possible to access editions of text and images using this index, which I leave up in case it goes live again. Meanwhile, I’ve written to someone at Ottawa to see where these pages went and whether they can be put back!
Trouvère L (F-Pn fr. 765). This link (which did work) is now annoyingly giving ‘access denied’ messages. The MSS on gallica do this from time to time but then come back up. Do email if you see it’s back up — I’ve left the link there for such a time…
Trouvère j (F-Pn n.a.fr. 21667). Facsimile of first folio.
Troubadour I (F-Pn fr.854) [no musical notation]; 2nd half of 14thC, 858 songs with razos.
Troubadour P (I-Fl Plut 41.42) [no musical notation] NB: Requires Java plugin
Troubadour U (I-Fl Plut 41.43) [no musical notation] NB: Requires Java plugin
For a more complete list, see this pdf of a now defunct page by Rob Wegman, kindly supplied by Justin Eiler here.